Anicinapemiȣin/Anishinàbemiwin is a language very closely related to Ojibway, Odawa, and Oji-Cree; it could also be considered as the easternmost part of an Ojibway dialect chain stretching from the Rockies to western Quebec. The English term for this language is ‘Algonquin’, not to be confused with ‘Algonquian’ which is the linguistics label for the language family.
There are three major dialects of the language as described by Valentine (1994): Northern (Anicinapemiȣin), Western, and Nipissing Algonquian (Anishinàbemiwin), see the following maps for details: Ontario, Québec.
There are several community based orthographies which are outlined below.
Note: There are several Roman Orthography conventions on this site that may require further explanation. On the charts below, there is lots of phonetic terminology that may not be familiar to everyone.
The 2011 Canadian Census (2006/2001 figures in parentheses) indicates 1,755 (2,680/2,425) Algonquin mother-tongue speakers. This figure does not include those who have learned the language later in life. The 2006 and 2001 count includes all speakers (not just as a mother-tongue)