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ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ – Inuktitut Syllabarium

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Initials Syllables Finals
ai i u a
p ᐊᑉ
t ᐊᑦ
k ᐊᒃ
g [ɣ] ᐊᒡ
m ᐊᒻ
n ᐊᓐ
s/h ᐊᔅ
l ᐊᓪ
j ᐊᔾ
v ᐊᕝ
r [ʁ] ᐊᕐ
q ᐊᖅ
ng [ŋ] ᐊᖕ
nng [ŋŋ] ᐊᖖ
ł [ɬ]   ᐊᖦ


  1. Long vowels are marked by a dot accent, so /laa/ is . Long consonants are shown by the appropriate final preceding the syllabic, so /ttu/ is ᑦᑐ. The various dialects of the language handle the consonant clusters differently, and some writers may omit the first element of the cluster altogether in their writing.
  2. On the chart, the Roman consonants and vowels follow the standard Inuktitut orthography as used in Nunavut and Nunavik (Northern Québec). The /ai/ ᐁ-series has been recently readopted in Nunavik; /ai/ in Nunavut would be ᐊᐃ. Unicode gives long /aai/ as , although I have not seen this used in texts.
  3. Where eastern dialects pronounce /s/, western pronounce /h/. This is a one-to-one relationship so the same syllabic symbols can be used for both sounds.
  4. There are two additional syllabics letters, and ᖯ, which are used to represent sounds from Inuvialuktun dialects or borrowed words from other languages. The character represents the /b/ sound which occurs before /l/ or /y/. This may also be written with the p-final . The character is used for borrowed /h/. Where a dialect has native /h/, the s/h series is used. Unicode also gives an h-series ᕴᕵᕷᕹᕻ which I have not seen in texts.
  5. There is no syllabic symbol for the Natsilingmiutut sound /ɉ/ (written r* on the Inuktun page). The y-series is used for both /r/ and /r*/. Perhaps this dialect could borrow from Woods Cree, the barred-y series ᖬ to represent this sound.
  6. The cluster /jj/ is tyically written ᑦᔭ.
  7. Several dialects have a glottal stop. This is either omitted in syllabic writing, or indicated by an apostrophe ’.
  8. Occasionally on syllabic charts, the Roman for /ł/ is written with the ampersand 〈&〉. This sound is pronounced like Dene 〈ł〉 or Welsh 〈ll〉 (IPA [ɬ]). /j/ is typically pronounced as English /y/.
  9. Unlike Cree, a small ᙮ is not used for a period, the standard Roman . is found instead.
  10. This chart was compiled from several sources.
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Last Update: Tuesday, October 10, 2006