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St̓át̓imcets

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The St̓át̓imcets language (Ucwalmícwts) is spoken in the Interior of British Columbia, just north-east of Vancouver along the Frazer River. Please contact me if there are any mistakes or omissions on these pages.

There are two practical writing systems presented below. The first is that used by the Mount Currie School and the Lillooet Council, the second is a modification of that which was developed by Bouchard, and resembles his scripts for other B.C. languages. Both tables are derived from van Eijk, which give a different list of phonemes (sounds) than the Handbook; I will follow van Eijk’s analysis here. Each orthography may be official in different communities.

Note: There are several Roman Orthography conventions on this site that may require further explanation. On the charts below, there is lots of phonetic terminology that may not be familiar to everyone.  

The Canadian Census does not count St̓át̓imcets speakers separately from other “Salish”. According to Howe and Cook, there are 200 speakers.

 

Community Names:
Not available yet

Mount Currie / Lillooet Council Orthography – Consonants

  bilabial alveolar alveolar affricate retracted alveolar affricate lateral retracted lateral palatal velar rounded velar uvular rounded uvular glottal
voiceless stop
p
t
c
 
 
 
k
q
ʔ
ejective stop
p’
 
c’
 
ƛ’
 
 
k’
k’ʷ
q’
q’ʷ
 
voiceless fricative
 
 
s
ɬ
 
 
x
x̌ʷ
h
nasal / resonant
m
n
z
 
l
y
ɣ
w
ʕ
ʕʷ
 
glottalised n / r
m’
n’
z’
 
l’
ḷ’
y’
ɣ’
w’
ʕ’
ʕ’ʷ
 

Mount Currie / Lillooet Council Orthography – Vowels

  front front
retracted
central central
retracted
back back
retracted
high
i
 
 
u
mid
 
 
ǝ
ǝ̣
 
 
low
 
 
a
 
 

Notes


Bouchard Orthography – Consonants

  bilabial alveolar alveolar affricate retracted alveolar affricate lateral retracted lateral palatal velar rounded velar uvular rounded uvular glottal
voiceless stop
p
t
ts
ṯs̱
 
 
 
k
kw
q
qw
7
ejective stop
 
ts̓
 
 
 
k̓w
q̓w
 
voiceless fricative
 
 
s
lh
 
 
c
cw
x
xw
h
nasal / resonant
m
n
z
 
l
y
r
w
g
gw
 
glottalised n / r
 
ḻ̓
g̓w
 

Bouchard Orthography – Vowels

  front front
retracted
central central
retracted
back back
retracted
high
i
ii
 
 
u
o
mid
 
 
e
v
 
 
low
 
 
a
ao
 
 

Notes

  • Acute stress accents fall on the first vowel of a digraph, so stressed ‹ii› is ‹íi›.
  • I have seen the glottal stop ‹⁷› as a superscript when lowercase and identical to the numeral ‹7› when uppercase. It may or may not be written at the beginning of words.
  • A vowel before the glottal stop ‹7› and a uvular is written as retracted.
  • The lateral ejective is written ‹t̓› instead of ‹tl̓› for the sake of economy, as there is no /t̓/ or /tl/ to cause confusion.

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Last Update: February 23, 2008