The Haisla language is spoken on the British Columbia mainland, around the Douglas Channel, across from the Queen Charlotte Islands. There are two main dialects spoken, Kitamaat and Kitlope.
I have come across three writing systems for Haisla, discussed here, two of which each can be seen in the title of this page: X̄a'’islak̓ala / X̌àh̓isl̩ak̓ala. The first is current in the community—and was developed, I believe, by Hein Vink. The second is the orthography as given in Lincoln and Rath 1986. The third is used by Bach, and is similar to Vink’s. I do not have any information about names of these orthographies, so I am going to label them “Vink”, “Lincoln and Rath”, and “Bach”; these by no means are official names.
Note: There are several Roman Orthography conventions on this site that may require further explanation. On the charts below, there is lots of phonetic terminology that may not be familiar to everyone.
There are historically two main Haisla community areas, each with its own dialect. Both are today spoken at Kitamaat.
C̓imo'c̓a (Kitimaat) - X̄a’islak̓ala dialect
Gitlo'p (Kitlope) - X̄enaksialak̓ala dialect
Sounds are given in the Vink orthography, with Lincoln & Rath and Bach in parentheses where different.
||rounded velar||uvular||rounded uvular||glottal|
|voiceless stop||b||d||z||dh (λ/dl)||g||gᵒ (gʷ)||ḡ (ǧ/ḡ)||ḡᵒ (ǧʷ/ḡʷ)||’ (-/’)|
|aspirated stop||p||t||c||tl (ƛ/tl)||k||kᵒ (kʷ)||q||qᵒ (qʷ)|
|ejective stop||p̓ (p̓/p’)||t̓ (t̓/t’)||c (c̓/c’)||t̓h (ƛ̓/tl’)||k̓ (k̓/k’)||k̓ᵒ (k̓ʷ/kʷ’)||q̓ (q̓/q’)||q̓ᵒ (q̓ʷ/qʷ’)|
|voiceless fricative||s||lh (ɬ/lh)||xᵒ (xʷ)||x̄ (x̌/x̄)||x̄ᵒ (x̌ʷ/x̄ʷ)||h (-/h)|
|nasal / resonant||m||n||l||y (y or i)||w (w or u)||- (h/-)|
|glottalised n/r||m̓ (m̓/m’)||n̓ (n̓/n’)||l̓ (l̓/l’)||y̓ (y̓/y’)||w̓ (w̓/w’)||- (h̓/-)|
|syllabic n/r||- (m̩/-)||- (n̩/-)||- (l̩/-)||- (i/-)||- (u/-)||- (a/-)|
|syllabic glottalised n/r||- (m̩̓/-)||- (n̩̓/-)||- (l̩̓/-)||- (i̓/-)||- (u̓/-)||- (a̓/-)|
|high||i (-/i)||u (-/u)|
|mid||e (-/?)||. (ǝ/?)||o (-/?)|